Purchasing a new set of clubs is a complicated process – there’s so many different terms to know and things to consider.
The loft of a club is one of the most important aspects of a club to think about and in this post I’ll show you exactly what loft is. Plus you’ll see which loft is best for you and for specific clubs.
By the end of this article I’m sure you’ll be fully informed.
What Exactly Is Loft?
A key factor in any golfer’s game is loft. It can make or break a golfer’s game even before they tee off at the first hole. How can this be true? Simply by purchasing clubs with incorrect lofts for your game makes the difference in having a good day and having a great game.
So, what is loft? Loft or “Loft angle” is an important measurement in the game of golf. It is measured in degrees that are applied to the club heads of all golf clubs. Loft is how much the club face is angled upward. For example, the 4-iron is the longest iron that is typically used by most golfers.
This club has a long shaft and a lower loft of somewhere around 25 degrees. The average male golfer will hit a 4-iron 170 yards. On the other end of club selections, a gap wedge club is intended for use closer to the green, or approximately 100 to 105 yards away from the green.
It has a different loft angle that is usually around 45 to 50 degrees. It is because of this angle that the ball will have a higher flight trajectory and the golfer will have more control over the shot
Of all the golf clubs found a golfer’s bag, the driver has the longest shaft and the lowest loft. The average loft on drivers is typically nine degrees and can go up to 12 or 13 degrees.
It is because of these two factors that make it increasingly more difficult to hit accurately with this club as it is with other clubs.
Beginner golfers would find it in their favor to use drivers with higher degrees of loft as they offer more control over the ball. More seasoned golfers might be able to handle a loft of 9.5 degrees or less.
Here’s a video that explains more:
Pretty simple, right?
Fairway Wood Loft
Where would we be without a good set of fairway woods? These clubs are so key to any golfer’s game that not having a good set of them in the bag could mean shooting over par instead of under par. The 3-wood as well as the 5-wood are almost always carried by golfers.
The 3-wood typically has a loft angle anywhere from 15 to 18 degrees, and the 5-wood has a loft from 20 to 22 degrees. There are also the 7 and 9 woods that have a loft grade of at least 24 degrees.
Most beginners and high-handicap players usually find that the higher lofted woods, which are 7 and 9, are much easier to handle because of the fact that they have shorter shafts.
Long Iron Loft
Long irons consist of the 2, 3 and 4 iron traditionally. These irons usually are ranged from 20 degrees to 27 degrees. Because the 2 iron is almost always angled at 20 degrees, this club is rarely used.
These clubs are hard to use, so many golfers from beginners all the way up to the pros are starting to use hybrids. The reason is because they are easier to hit. By replacing the long irons with hybrids, golfers are getting more distance and better accuracy further away from the green.
Mid Iron Loft
The 5, 6 and 7 irons are also known as the mid irons. These clubs were designed to achieve distances of 140, 150 and 160 yards out from the green respectively.
With loft angles ranging from 28 to 34 degrees, golfers have more control than they do with the long irons. As mentioned before, middle iron clubs that have a greater loft degree are the clubs that beginners need to use. Doing so will offer more control, and this is a key to success in the game of golf.
For those golfers who are having trouble with the traditional 5 iron, switching to a hybrid will allow for more distance, control and accuracy.
Short Iron Loft
When you get around 120 to 130 yards out from the green, the 8 and 9 irons come into play. With lofts somewhere around 38 and 41 degrees, the 8 and 9 irons are great for controlling the balls around the greens.
Also, if a chip shot or pitch shot is in need, these clubs are perfect for the job.
These are specialized irons that are intended to be used once the ball is less than 105 yards from the pin. From this range, the pitching wedge, which has a loft anywhere from 45 to 50 degrees, is ideal. A good golfer can even manipulate the ball by using a wedge club to create back spin.
Another wedge that is a must in any golfer’s bag is the sand wedge. The sand wedge is used to get out of sand traps and bunkers that are designed around the green. If you are in need of a wedge that is in between the pitching wedge and sand wedge, there is a gap wedge. The gap wedge is lofted at 50 degrees or more. When purchasing a gap wedge, it is key to buy one that has a loft between that of the pitching wedge and sand wedge.
Golfers can also choose to use the lob wedge. This wedge has a very high loft angle of around 60 degrees. This club is designed to have a high trajectory that allows a shot to be controlled more so than any other club. It also allows the ball to stop on the green quickly.
A good rule of thumb when purchasing wedges is to buy wedges that have a difference of four degrees of loft gap between them.
It’s That Simple!
Loft doesn’t have to be that confusing. As long as you’re aware of you skill level you should be able to find out which loft is good for each club.
If you have any questions about what you’ve read comment below and I’ll make sure to respond as fast as possible. You can search around the golf section up top for more tips too.
Do you feel more comfortable picking out your clubs now?